The word Medina can be translated as “city”. This is the second holy city for all Islam people. According to one theory, Medina has been the first city that followed the precepts of the Great Prophet. Medina is the world’s largest religious centre, the entrance to its territory is limited to Muslims only.
The main place of interest in the city is located in its very centre. This is a complex of mosques named Masjid al Nabawi. It is believed that once the house of the Prophet Muhammad was built in this place. Not far away from the walls of his house, he built the first mosques.
The Virtue of Madina
The virtue of Madina: “For the believer, Madina is the best place. If only they could understand its virtue fully, they would never leave it, and whoever departs from Madinah, having become disenchanted with it, Allah will send someone better to replace him. And whoever bears patiently the ordeals of Madinah, for him shall I be an intercessor(or witness) on the Day of Qiyamah.” [Muslim]
MADINA IS IMMUNE TO DAJJAL: “There will be no town which Ad-Dajjal (the anti-Christ) will not enter except Makkah and Madinah, and there will be no entrance (road) but the angels will be standing in rows guarding it against him, and then Madinah will shake with its inhabitants thrice and Allah will expel all the nonbelievers and the hypocrites from it.” [Bukhari]
Ziyarat Places in Madina
- Masjid-e-Nabvi: Masjid-e-Nabvi is known as the mosque of the Prophet which was also the centre of the religious, political, and economic life of Muslims at the time of Prophet Muhammad (SAW). Masjid-e-Nabvi is now 100 times larger than its original size and can accommodate more than half a million worshippers at a time. A large green dome now covers the Prophet Muhammad’s (SAW) residential quarters, where he is buried along with two caliphs Hazrat Abu Bakar (RA) and Hazrat Umar Farooq (RA). Over two million Muslim pilgrims visit the Prophet’s Mosque each year. The location chosen by Allah-When the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) migrated to Madinah (then called Yathrib), the chiefs of the city and his immediate followers rode around his camel in their best clothes and in glittering armour. Everyone was hoping he would stop by their house.
- ROZA MUBARAK: With regards visiting Madinah and performing the Ziyarah (visiting the grave of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him)), the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) said: “Whoever visits me after my death is like he who had visited me during my life.”
- RIYAAD-UL-JANNAH: The area between the Sacred Chamber and the Pulpit (Mimbar) is known as the Riadhul Jannah i.e. Garden of Paradise. It is presently distinguished by a green carpet and is also referred to as Rawdah.
- Masjid E Juma: This is the first mosque where our Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (P.B.U.H) offered the first Khutba of Juma Mubarak on Friday (Yum Al Juma).
- Masjid Al Bilal: Masjid Bilal is named after a Companion of Muhammad SAW. Bilal was a former Abyssinian slave who accepted Islam. He was freed by Abu Bakar r.a. who purchased Bilal while Bilal was under torture by his master for revealing that he was a Muslim. He is well known for being the first Muslim to call the Adhan.
- Masjid Abu Bakr: This was the Home of Hazrat Abu Bakar Siddique which was later converted to a Masjid by Saudi Authorities.
- Bir Shifa: It is the Well of Shifa in Madina E Munawwara. This well had poisonous water it was converted into the Well of Shifa after Mohammed (PBUH) Spitted into the well (loaab e dahen) During the battle of Badr. Its Water is still Sweet.
- Bir Uthman: There was a time in Madina when it faced a huge shortage of water, due to lack of rainfall. All the wells were dried and barren. Only one well owned by a Jew had water in it. The Jew owner was very biased and sold water at very high prices to the Muslims, and offered absolutely free water to the Jews. When this news reached the Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم he asked all the Muslims, “Anyone who wants a house in JANNAT should buy that well for the Muslims.”
- The site of Battle of Trench (Khandaq): The Battle of Khandaq took place during the time of the Prophet. It is also called a battle of Confederates and Surah Al Ahzab was revealed to denote the Confederacy of non-believers and Jews against Islam. Here there are Seven Masjids. A trench was dug on the idea of Salman Al Farsi (Raliallahu Anhu). Prophet (Peace be upon him)
- Bir e Ali: “Bir-e-Ali” or the Well of Ali [a]. When returning from an expedition, the army of Imam Ali [a] once ran out of the water. He dug this well from which water continues to flow even today. This place is not too far from Masjid Shajarah (Miqat)
- The Quba Mosque: The Quba mosque is one of the three historically important mosques left in Medina. It is the site of the oldest mosque in Islam, having been founded by Prophet Muhammad (SAW) upon his flight from Mecca to Medina. The new mosque is spacious with a sort of cramped forward area and spacious back area, often used for pilgrims who are reading the Quran or napping.
- Al-Medina Museum: Medina museum is located on the right side of Masjid e Nabvi. This Museum preserved the collection of old Islamic monuments and rich Islamic history. It demonstrates the history and role of Medina in the arrival of Islam.
- Wadi-e-Jinn: Wadi-e-Jinn is also known as Wadi al-Baida which is located 30km away from the northwest of Medina. The importance of this valley is due to the reason cars move against the centre of gravity. Due to this Wadi-e-Jinn brought the attention of thousands of people across the world. There is something strange about this Wadi.
- Medina Library: Madinah Library is a historical place that visitors must have see when visiting Medina. It remains open for visitors from 7 am to 9 pm. The Library was founded by Sheikh Ahmed Yasin in 1352 Hijri.
- Jannat ul Baqi: Jannat ul Baqi is located near Prophet’s (PBUH) Mosque where many companions and relatives of Prophet Muhammad (SAW) were buried. Among many of them, the most dominant are the wives of Prophet Muhammad (SAW) except Hazrat Khadija (RA) and Hazrat May month.
- Jabal -e-Uhud: Jabal-e-Uhud is another famous place to visit in Medina which is about 7km on the north of Medina. The well-known battle of Uhud was fought in 3 A.H and the uncle of Prophet Muhammad (SAW), Hazrat Hamza and other companions are buried here.
- Masjid-e-Qiblatain: This mosque has a conventional design famous for its twin dome and minarets as well as a huge prayer area.
- MOUNTAINS OF HEAVEN AND MOUNTAINS OF HELL: Uhud is a mountain of heaven and jabl-e Ayr, the second largest mountain after Uhud located at the southern boundary of Madina is described as a mountain of hell.
- Tomb of Salman Farsi
- Masjid Al Ghamamah
- The Seven Mosques
- Madain Saleh Tombs
- Al-Madina Museum
- Masjid al-Qiblatain
- Grave Of Hamzah
- Mosque of Badr
- Masjid e Zubab
- King Fahd Glorious Quran Printing
- The Beautiful Names of Allah Gallery Medina
Many pilgrims, if they have time after performing Hajj and Umrah, pray in The Prophet’s Mosque before returning home. Indeed, he said, “One Salat offered in my mosque is superior to 1,000 Salats offered in other mosques except for Al Masjid Al Haram.” The Prophet (PBUH)’s burial place is marked by a bright green dome in the southeast corner of the mosque.