A believer can never tell lies because he believes in the signs of Allaah and His Messenger Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam, and he believes in the Prophet’s saying: “Falsehood leads to Al-Fujoor (i.e. wickedness, evil-doing), and Al-Fujoor leads to the Hellfire, and a man will keep on telling lies until he is written off by Allaah as a liar.” How awful is falsehood and how the base is the rank of the liars? Allah says:
وَمَن يُطِعِ اللَّهَ وَالرَّسُولَ فَأُولَٰئِكَ مَعَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِم مِّنَ النَّبِيِّينَ وَالصِّدِّيقِينَ وَالشُّهَدَاءِ وَالصَّالِحِينَ وَحَسُنَ أُولَٰئِكَ رَفِيقًا
“And whoever obeys Allah and The Messenger those will be with the ones upon whom Allah has bestowed favour of the prophets, the steadfast affirmers of truth, the martyrs and the righteous. And excellent are those as companions.” (Surah an-Nisa 4:69)
Falsehood leads to wickedness, which is the deviation from the straightforward path, which in turn leads to the Fire of Hell, and woe to the denizens of Hell! A liar is mean-spirited since he is notorious for falsehood in the sight of Allaah. Allah says:
إِذَا جَاءَكَ الْمُنَافِقُونَ قَالُوا نَشْهَدُ إِنَّكَ لَرَسُولُ اللَّهِ وَاللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ إِنَّكَ لَرَسُولُهُ وَاللَّهُ يَشْهَدُ إِنَّ الْمُنَافِقِينَ لَكَاذِبُونَ
“When the hypocrites come to you, (O Muhammad), they say, “We testify that you are the Messenger of Allah. And Allah knows that you are His Messenger, and Allah testifies that the hypocrites are liars.” (Surah Al-Munafiqun 63:1)
Telling lies is worse than other sins and it is more harmful than the others are. Whatever losses Muslims suffer today arise from the same liars who created a deviation in people’s beliefs. Any destructive habit leads to painful consequences. When we choose to lie, we choose to suffer. Think how much better off we’d be if we would stop lying and live in the truth.
What is Lying?
Lying is the complete opposite of the truth. So, anything that is untrue and deliberately intended to mislead another person is a lie. A lie, therefore, can be anything spoken or written that is totally or partially baseless, unreal, made-up, distorted or exaggerated; for example, if someone were to deliberately state that a five-foot pole was a ten-foot pole, then this would be a lie. Similarly praising someone out of proportion is a form of a lie.
Lying: A Disease of the Heart
Lying and falsehood are widespread problems and are roots of other problems that occur on an individual and public level. Lies are spoken and written in the media and politics, in business and personal dealings, by Muslims and non-Muslims alike, although the degree, magnitude, and frequency may vary.
What are the Motives of a Liar?
A liar tells a lie for:
- Cheating and deceiving others and enjoying their misery, as Satan did with Adam.
- Short-term worldly gains, such as gaining the favours of others or monetary gains.
- Concealing the truth, as he may be afraid of the truth or its punitive consequences by the law or certain individuals.
Forms of Lying and The Quran on Liars
The worst form of lying is to do so upon Allah and His Messenger Sallallahu `Alayhi Wa Sallam ( may Allah exalt his mention ) which is to falsely attribute things to them. Allah Almighty Says in the Quran (what means):
“And if he [i.e., Muhammad] had made up about Us some [false] sayings, We would have seized by the right hand; then We would have cut from him the aorta. “ (Quran 69:44-46)
Here are some of the benefits of sincere repentance:
- Repentance is the noblest and beloved form of obedience in the eyes of Allah Ta’ala.
- Repentance has a status that no other form of worship has. This is why Allah is extremely happy when a servant repents just as a traveller is happy when he finds his lost mount in the desert.
- Repentance brings about humbleness and a sense of helplessness that is not easily acquired through other forms of worship.
- Allah’s statement, “Except those who repent, have faith and good deeds, those Allah will change their sins for good deeds. Certainly, Allah is most forgiving and merciful.” (Quran 25:70)
Here are some practical steps to Stop Lying:
- Lying leads to a false claim and a dishonest claimant
- Lying leads you to sin and sin takes you to Hell
- Liar is doomed because of lies that he utters
- Lying requires the observing of Taqwa
- Lying grave consequence of sins
- Lying is poles apart from belief
- Lying in jest and pleasantry
- Lying is an evil and a sin
- Lying is a sign of a hypocrite
- Lying painful punishment for sins
- Lying has been forbidden even in-jokes
- Lying is an embellishment of Satan’s hands
- Lying is against the teachings of all prophets
- Lying practices and shunning false utterances
- Lying helplessness of the servant with regards
- Lying does not deserve friendship and brotherhood
Repentance is to repent from the heart, to train the heart into obedience and to make a firm resolution never to sin again. If there had been an immediate gain (insight), and the journey easy, they would (all) without a doubt have followed thee, but the distance was long, (and weighed) on them. They would indeed swear by Allah. Hypocrites are liars too because they lie to themselves. Allah says:
لَوْ كَانَ عَرَضًا قَرِيبًا وَسَفَرًا قَاصِدًا لَّاتَّبَعُوكَ وَلَٰكِن بَعُدَتْ عَلَيْهِمُ الشُّقَّةُ وَسَيَحْلِفُونَ بِاللَّهِ لَوِ اسْتَطَعْنَا لَخَرَجْنَا مَعَكُمْ يُهْلِكُونَ أَنفُسَهُمْ وَاللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ إِنَّهُمْ لَكَاذِبُونَ
“If it had been again near and a journey easy, surely they (would) have follo but was long for them the distance. And they will swear by Allah, “If we were able, certainly we (would) have come with you.” They destroy their selves and Allah knows (that) indeed, they (are) surely liars.” (Surah At-Tawba, 9:42)
Virtues of Telling the Truth
Truthfulness is commanded by Allah as a part of faith and is an indispensable quality of the believers. It is mentioned in over one hundred places in the Quran.
Allah Almighty says in the Holy Quran:
- “That Allah may reward the truthful for their truth…” (Quran 33:24)
- “…The curse of Allah is upon him if he should be among the liars.” (Quran 24:7)
- “…Indeed Allah does not guide one who is a transgressor and a liar.” (Quran 40:28)
- “Say: ‘Verily, those who invent a lie against Allah will never be successful.” (Yunus 10:69)
- “In their hearts is a disease, so Allah has increased their disease, and for them is a painful punishment because they [habitually] used to lie.” (Quran 2:10)
- “The patient, the true, the obedient, those who spend [in the way of Allah], and those who seek forgiveness before dawn.” (Quran 3:17)
- “O you who believe! Fear Allah, and be with those who are true (in words and deeds).” (Quran 9:119)
- “…Allah knows that you are His Messenger, and Allah testifies that the hypocrites are liars.” (Quran 63: 1)
- “…And do not conceal testimony, for whoever conceals it – his heart is indeed sinful….” (Quran 2:283)
- “…Indeed, Allah does not guide him who is a liar and [confirmed] disbeliever.” (Quran 39:3)
- “And do not mix the truth with falsehood or conceal the truth while you know [it].” (Quran 2:42)
- “O you who have believed! Fear Allah and speak words of appropriate justice.” (Quran 33:70)
Lies often roll off the human tongue just as fast as moths are attracted to an open flame, the consequences of both are sometimes equally flammable. Being truthful is an endearing quality that we all would be blessed to attain in our lifetime and is a commodity that is becoming more scarce in this world as the hands of time relentlessly spin round and round. Allah says:
إِنَّمَا الْمُؤْمِنُونَ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا بِاللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ ثُمَّ لَمْ يَرْتَابُوا وَجَاهَدُوا بِأَمْوَالِهِمْ وَأَنفُسِهِمْ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ أُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الصَّادِقُونَ
“The believers are only the ones who have believed in Allah and His Messenger and then doubt not but strive with their properties and their lives in the cause of Allah. It is those who are truthful.” (Surah Al-Hujurat 49:15)
Lying is against human nature and physiology, and like any other disease, it has its unique signs and symptoms. The act of lying produces inner conflicts between various control centres of the brain. The moment one begins to lie, his body sends out contradictory signals to cause facial muscle twitching, expansion and contraction of pupils, perspiration, flushing of cheeks, increased blinking of the eye, tremors of the hand, and an increased heart rate. A liar is miserable, impious and faithless.