A human being is very honourable in the Qur’an and higher than many other creatures. He is created by the best Creator in the best form. He is created by God and chosen by Him to be His representative on earth. God has taught him the names and breathed into him of His spirit, ordered the angels to prostrate before the human being and disposed of the sun, the moon, the stars, and the day and night for him. Allah says:
وَلَا تَقْتُلُوا النَّفْسَ الَّتِي حَرَّمَ اللَّهُ إِلَّا بِالْحَقِّ ۗ وَمَن قُتِلَ مَظْلُومًا فَقَدْ جَعَلْنَا لِوَلِيِّهِ سُلْطَانًا فَلَا يُسْرِف فِّي الْقَتْلِ
“Do not kill the soul which Allah has made sacred except by right of justice. Whoever is killed unjustly, We have given his heir authority, but let him not exceed the limits in taking life.” (Surah Al-Isra 17:33)
All human beings are born free and equal in status and respect. Human rights are the basic rights that belong to every person in the world, from birth to death. A human being is honoured with endless potential for knowledge and the only creature to whom God has granted the potential perfection of supremacy over universal forces and other creatures. Allah says:
وَأَوْفُوا بِعَهْدِ اللَّهِ إِذَا عَاهَدتُّمْ وَلَا تَنقُضُوا الْأَيْمَانَ بَعْدَ تَوْكِيدِهَا وَقَدْ جَعَلْتُمُ اللَّهَ عَلَيْكُمْ كَفِيلًا إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَعْلَمُ مَا تَفْعَلُونَ
“And fulfil the covenant (of) Allah when you have taken at, and (do) not break oaths after their confirmation while verily you have made Allah over you a surety. Indeed, Allah knows what you do.” (Surah An-Nahl 16:91)
Islam has laid down universal and fundamental rights for humanity as a whole, which are to be observed and respected under all circumstances. A human being is a noble-natured creature who is guided to two ways of good and evil and is inspired with virtues and vices to become perfect in the struggle he is in with the help of his freedom of choice. This feature is exclusive to him among all creatures and this enables him to elevate higher than angels.
Here is some Importance of human rights in Islam:
- Human rights focus on what is in your control & try best
- Human rights to refuse obedience to oppressive rulers
- Human rights teach us to practice in our daily life
- Human rights are considered as an examination
- Human rights bring civilization and happiness
- Human rights are to know the purpose of life
- Human rights see you will be accountable
- Human rights benefitting the community
- Human rights enrich respecting parents
- Human rights earning an honest living
- Human rights taking care of orphans
- Human rights opposing oppression
- Human rights put your trust in God
- Human rights speaking the truth
- Human rights provide for all family
- Human rights have a noble purpose
- Human rights standing up for justice
- Human rights kindness to neighbours
- Human rights to personal responsibility
- Human rights to protection of reputation
- Human rights mean everything is from God
- Human rights to struggle for just social order
- Human rights to sanity and intellectual freedom
- Human rights intimate next life as well is our faith
- Human rights recall God’s Mercy and fear punishment
We need to first focus on the reality of the human being and its different aspects, and functions:
- First, human beings are objective beings who are different from other objective beings with respect to freedom of choice, meaning that their actions and behaviours are a result of their reasoning and will, albeit relatively.
- Second, human beings are to a large extent affected by their surroundings, that is, the physical environment and other beings.
- Third, human beings are social beings who naturally interact with other human beings.
- Fourth, human beings are created by God, the Creator of the universe. This relation with God has different dimensions which affect them as persons and all of their relationships. Allah says:
إِنَّ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ سَيَجْعَلُ لَهُمُ الرَّحْمَٰنُ وُدًّا
“Verily, for those who have believed and done righteous deeds, the Most Merciful will appoint for them affection.” (Surah Maryam 19:96)
Islam’s view about death, disease, and disasters is very compassionate and humane. Death is the ornament of life which is like a necklace around a girl’s neck that beautifies her. It is the means of testing human beings and it is a blessing that God tries to determine which one of us does better deeds.
Allah Almighty says in The Glorious Quran:
- “Men not created without a purpose.” (Surah Muminun, 23:115)
- “Man is accountable for his actions.” (Surah Al-Isra, 17:1)
- “Nor take life – which Allah has made sacred – except for just cause” (Quran 17:33)
- “…Eat and drink; but waste not by excess, for Allah loves not the wasters.” (Quran 7: 31)
- “…if any of you does evil in ignorance, and thereafter repents and does righteous good deeds (by obeying God), then surely, He is Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (Quran 6:54)
Islam provides many human rights for an Individual:
- Right to Freedom: Islam has strictly forbidden the fundamental practice to conquer a free man and make him a slave or to sell him into slavery.
- The right of Equality among Human Beings: Islam recognizes the principle of absolute equality between men irrespective of colour, race or nationality. Racism is not allowed in Islam.
- Right to Equal Justice: Islam is the religion of peace and Justice.
- The right of Honor and Respect: Islam protects honour, in Islam insulting others and making fun of them is not allowed whether a person is a believer or non-believer.
- Right to Basic Necessities of Life: Islam emphasizes helping the poor and needy who needs your help if you are more fortunate.
- Rights to Privacy: It is a basic right of every citizen that his private life should be respected. He must enjoy moments of privacy at his home.
- Right to Life: The first and the most important basic human right is the right to live and respect human life.
Impact of Belief in One God
The basic of Islamic beliefs is to believe in one God who has the Most Beautiful names and noblest qualities; One who neither begets nor was begotten. The belief in this core possesses several advantages:
- Firstly, it frees the human being from full submission to (worshipping) any natural being or any human being of whatever position and rank, and this freedom saves him from being confined to any material limits.
- Secondly, it results in mobilizing all human talents and power for one purpose and saves him from all that destroys his life and activities, such as polytheism, being spoiled, etc.
- Thirdly, it leads a human being towards the infinite goal and carves a long and endless path for his ambitions in which he can progress from cradle to grave and even after death. Thus, death does not stop a human’s progress towards goals.
- Fourthly, it will keep one away and safe from other people’s troubles and objections so that infinity and immateriality will direct his efforts, activities, and acts of giving.
- Fifth, it will mobilize collective power in a competitive harmony and will prevent collective polytheism in order to prevent the society from division and thereby wasting the power of its members.
وَلَقَدْ كَرَّمْنَا بَنِي آدَمَ وَحَمَلْنَاهُمْ فِي الْبَرِّ وَالْبَحْرِ وَرَزَقْنَاهُم مِّنَ الطَّيِّبَاتِ وَفَضَّلْنَاهُمْ عَلَىٰ كَثِيرٍ مِّمَّنْ خَلَقْنَا تَفْضِيلًا
“We have certainly dignified the children of Adam and carried them on the land and sea and provided for them of the good things and preferred them over much of what We have created with definite preference.” (Surat Al-Isra 17:70)
Islam lay down some basic human rights for all human beings whether he is a believer or on non-believer, and whether he belongs to the same country or place or any other country. All humans are equal, they are equal in the eyes of the law. Thus everyone has the right to justice. Justice before the law is to be strictly impartial without regard to religion, race, position, wealth or any other. Allah says:
إِنَّكَ لَا تَهْدِي مَنْ أَحْبَبْتَ وَلَٰكِنَّ اللَّهَ يَهْدِي مَن يَشَاءُ وَهُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِالْمُهْتَدِينَ
“Verily, you do not guide whom you love, but Allah guides whom He wills. He is most knowing of the rightly guided.” (Surah Al-Qasas 28:56)
Islam declares all people equal in terms of human values, and all individuals are equal before the Islamic code of law. This life is an ultimate testing ground and although we cannot control everything that happens to us, we can control how we react. The Quran is a book of knowledge and wisdom it is the duty of the state to make adequate arrangements for teaching the Quran at various levels of education right from primary to university.