Human life is sacred and inviolable and every effort shall be made to protect it. Every individual and every people has the inalienable right to freedom in all its forms physical, cultural, economic and political — and shall be entitled to struggle by all available means against any infringement or abrogation of this right; and every oppressed individual or people has a legitimate claim to the support of other individuals and peoples in such a struggle. Allah says:
وَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَن يُعْجِبُكَ قَوْلُهُ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَيُشْهِدُ اللَّهَ عَلَىٰ مَا فِي قَلْبِهِ وَهُوَ أَلَدُّ الْخِصَامِ
“And of the people (is the one) who pleases you (with) his speech in the life (of) the world, and he calls to witness Allah on what (is) in his heart, and he (is) the most quarrelsome (of) opponents.” (Surah Al-Baqarah 2:204)
Human life is a complete ideology of life that deals with the fundamental problems of life on the basis of sensorial observations. This world is no more than a test in which all humans are bound to face some hardships and challenges that reveal their patience and steadfastness. Problems and troubles serve as means to expiate sins and elevate the believer’s rank in the Hereafter. Allah says:
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اسْتَجِيبُوا لِلَّهِ وَلِلرَّسُولِ إِذَا دَعَاكُمْ لِمَا يُحْيِيكُمْ وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ يَحُولُ بَيْنَ الْمَرْءِ وَقَلْبِهِ وَأَنَّهُ إِلَيْهِ تُحْشَرُونَ
“O you who believe! Respond to Allah and His Messenger when he calls you to what gives you life. And know that Allah comes (in) between a man and his heart and that to Him you will be gathered.” (Surah Al-Anfal 8:24)
Islam is the response to humanity’s search for meaning. In order to balance the negative effects posed by afflictions, Islam draws our attention to their expected fruit. This optimistic and positive approach safeguards one from falling prey to despair and grief. Believers face difficulties with brave hearts; they trust Allah’s wisdom and believe in His mercy, and they know that these tests are rewarding. Allah says:
وَلَا تَقْتُلُوا النَّفْسَ الَّتِي حَرَّمَ اللَّهُ إِلَّا بِالْحَقِّ ۗ وَمَن قُتِلَ مَظْلُومًا فَقَدْ جَعَلْنَا لِوَلِيِّهِ سُلْطَانًا فَلَا يُسْرِف فِّي الْقَتْلِ
“Do not kill the soul which Allah has made sacred except by right of justice. Whoever is killed unjustly, We have given his heir authority, but let him not exceed the limits in taking life.” (Surah Al-Isra 17:33)
Life means activity and activity bring certain problems. Islam is true and divine religion. It tells us what truth is, and what duty is and satisfies the human mind and soul by providing guidance on every matter of its life. It combines the dictate of reasons with the commandment of divine revelation and invites people to ponder and consider and make the best use of their intellect and wisdom.
The Basic Values of Islam, about the value of “Human Life”:
- Human life focuses on what is in your control & try best
- Human life establishes peace and justice in society
- Human life commands love, mercy, and peace
- Human life brings civilization and happiness
- Human life leads to a balanced way of living
- Human life is to think you will return to God
- Human life see you will be accountable
- Human life benefitting the community
- Human life earning an honest living
- Human life kindness to neighbours
- Human life standing up for justice
- Human life put your trust in God
- Human life is to be happy
- Human life is to love others
- Human life has a noble purpose
- Human life has infinite value for all
- Human life having mindfulness of God
- Human life enriches respecting parents
- Human life to participate in public affairs
- Human life is considered an examination
- Human life to struggle for just social order
- Human life means to know where you stand
- Human life to enjoin virtue and eradicate evil
- Human life is intimate next life as well as our faith
- Human life recalls God’s Mercy and fears punishment
Man faces many things in life and with none of them can he deal properly unless he forms an opinion about the nature or condition of that thing and his own relationship with it. Right or wrong, an opinion has to be formed about everything and until such an opinion is formed no man can decide what behaviour and what attitude he should adopt towards a particular thing. Allah says:
إِنَّا نَحْنُ نُحْيِي وَنُمِيتُ وَإِلَيْنَا الْمَصِيرُ
“Indeed, We [We] [We] give life and [We] cause death, and to Us (is) the final return.” (Surah Qaf 50:43)
Human life is sacred in Islam and every person has been granted God-given fundamental and universal rights at the time of their birth. Human rights in Islam are an integral part of the overall Islamic order and it is obligatory for all Muslim governments and organs of society to implement them in letter and in spirit within the framework of that order.
Purpose of Life According to Islam:
- Life is a Test: “He who created death and life to test you as to which of you is best in deed-and He is the Almighty, the Oft-Forgiving.” (Al-Mulk 67:2)
- Life is Momentary: The life that is currently lived on this earth will not last forever. It is only a momentary thing. “O, my people! this life of the world is only a (passing) enjoyment, and surely the hereafter is the abode to settle.” (Al-Mu’Min 40:39)
- Life in Heaven Will be Better: That’s why it’s not good to only care about the materialistic things that exist in this life.
- Dutiful Worship: Muslims always remember Allah. This can be done by carrying out all the dutiful worship.
- Live According to the Rules of Islam: When a Muslim is willing to dedicate oneself to Allah, then they must live according to the rules of Islam.
- Life Motivation: If a Muslim doesn’t know what their life goal is then they could lose the motivation to carry on with life.
- Live Life in Kindness: A Muslim must always remember to be kind while living on earth. Every living and non-living thing is Allah’s creation and one should try to be kind to them all.
Islam has an outstanding significance because it is the true deen that provides each and everything for human life and its way of life. That’s why it is called Islam is the complete code of life, Who is the messenger of Allah and gave us the complete deen e Islam. So, it is the best source and has solved the basic problem of human life.
Quranic verses about human life, Allah says in the Holy Quran:
- “Men not created without a purpose.” (Quran 23:115)
- “Man is himself accountable for his own actions.” (Quran 17:1)
- “And the Hereafter is better for you than the first life.” (Quran 93:4)
- “you have that day, nor for you will there be any denial.” (Quran 42:47)
- “The life of this world is merely the enjoyment of delusion.” (Quran 3:185)
- “I have not created men except that they should serve Me.” (Quran, 51:56).
- “…Eat and drink; but waste not by excess, for Allah loves not the wasters.” (Quran 7: 31)
Human moral standards are universal and have been well-known to mankind throughout the ages. Good and evil are not myths to be hunted out. They are well-known realities and are equally well-understood by all. The sense of good and evil is inherent in the very nature of man. The Holy Quran in this regard is one of the best ways of knowing how a person can fulfil this purpose of pleasing Allah. Allah says:
وَقَالُوا مَا هِيَ إِلَّا حَيَاتُنَا الدُّنْيَا نَمُوتُ وَنَحْيَا وَمَا يُهْلِكُنَا إِلَّا الدَّهْرُ وَمَا لَهُم بِذَٰلِكَ مِنْ عِلْمٍ إِنْ هُمْ إِلَّا يَظُنُّونَ
“And they say, “Not it (is) but our life (of) the world, we die and we live, and not destroys us except the time.” And not for them of that any knowledge; not, they (do) but guess.” (Surah Al-Jathiyah 45:24)
In life, we encounter problems as we breathe. But it doesn’t get to us until we feel a major impact, and that’s when it becomes a source of concern, hurt, or sorrow. Life problems, depending on their magnitude, can be clogs in the wheel of progress, and we may not be able to attain our full potential if we don’t learn to place our problems in the proper perspectives. Allah says:
وَلَقَدْ خَلَقْنَاكُمْ ثُمَّ صَوَّرْنَاكُمْ ثُمَّ قُلْنَا لِلْمَلَائِكَةِ اسْجُدُوا لِآدَمَ فَسَجَدُوا إِلَّا إِبْلِيسَ لَمْ يَكُن مِّنَ السَّاجِدِينَ
“We created you, then We shaped you, then We said to the angels‑ Bow yourselves to Adam.” (Surah Al-Araf 7:11)
God describes this life as a test, and people are tested in different ways. We cannot control what happens to us, but we can control how we react. Patience during adversities and gratitude for blessings is a means of getting closer to God and attaining eternal Paradise. We should fulfil this purpose in our life. We must come to know our Creator, Sustainer, and Ultimate Judge. May Allah guide us all to the right path and help us in earning good deeds and may He forgive our past sins.