Concept of Hope in Islam

Islamic Moral Values

Moral values lie within many of the basic principles of Islam. Muslim bears the identity of Islam, so that having a good morality is a must for them. Allah SWT clearly commanded all Muslims through the Holy Quran and His Messenger (PBUH) to possess a good character and hold on to the best moral values in their lives. Good behaviour is so heavy that it will come as a big help. Allah says:

فَلَا تَتَّبِعُوا الْهَوَىٰ أَن تَعْدِلُوا ۚ وَإِن تَلْوُوا أَوْ تُعْرِضُوا فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ خَبِيرًا

“Follow not your whims, let you be unjust. If you distort your testimony or withhold it, then Allah is aware of what you are doing.” (Surah Al-Nisa 4:135)

Islamic moral values bestows freedom from worldly values and all forms of dependence felt toward other people. A believer with such moral values seeks the approval of Allah, not that of other people. Islam makes the moral side a measure for good deeds. God, being the master, has raised from time to time prophets for the guidance of humanity and has revealed His books through them. Allah says:

وَلِلَّهِ الْأَسْمَاءُ الْحُسْنَىٰ فَادْعُوهُ بِهَا ۖ وَذَرُوا الَّذِينَ يُلْحِدُونَ فِي أَسْمَائِهِ

“Unto Allah belong the best names, so call upon him by them and leave those who violate the sanctity of his names.” (Surah Al-A’raf 7:180)

The Quran affirms the dual dimension of human and social life – material and spiritual – but these aspects are not seen in conflictual terms, nor is it assumed that spiritual goals should predominate in a way that devalues material aspects of life. But there are difficult moral dilemmas, especially in the modern world, when the answers are not as clear cut.

Here are some Good Morals Values in Islam:

  1. Islam also furnishes good and evil conduct
  2. Islam covers his life at home and in society
  3. Islam does not base our knowledge of evil
  4. Islam taking care of orphans and the poor
  5. Islam provides an effective moral system
  6. Islamic culture is how we should behave
  7. Islam treats all people in a fair manner
  8. Islam set life which is free from all evil
  9. Islam ensures that the affairs of life
  10. Islam set the rights for humanity 
  11. Islam calls to eradicate vice
  12. Fear Allah and always speak the truth
  13. Muslims must be in controls of desires
  14. Dealing with parents in the best manner
  15. People enjoy his affection and calmness
  16. Ready to bear the pain to comfort others
  17. Remain away from gambling and intoxicants
  18. A man should endeavour the pleasure of Allah
  19. Try respects the rights of those who are absent
  20. Be kind and good towards relatives and neighbours

Islam’s moral system is striking in that it not only defines morality but also guides the human race in how to achieve it, at both an individual as well as a collective level. Islam wants to cultivate a powerful and strong mass opinion, which may induce individuals and groups to abide by the principles of morality laid by it. Allah says:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَقُولُوا قَوْلًا سَدِيدًا

“O you who believe, fear Allah and always speak the truth.” (Surah Al-Ahzab 33:70)

Moral decisions can often be very directly guided by virtue-reasoning or adhering to one of Islam’s traditional legal codes. Islam’s moral law does not depend on external pressures alone. It relies upon the inherent urge for good in every man which is derived from belief in God and a Day of Judgment. Allah says:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الصِّيَامُ كَمَا كُتِبَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ

“O you who believe[d]! Is prescribed for you [the] fasting as was prescribed to those from before you, so that you may (become) righteous.” (Surah Al-Baqarah 2:183)

Islam seeks to firmly implant in man’s heart the conviction that his dealings are with God Who sees him at all times and in all places. That he may hide from the whole world but not from Him. That he may deceive everyone but cannot deceive God. Allah says:

وَإِذَا رَأَيْتَ الَّذِينَ يَخُوضُونَ فِي آيَاتِنَا فَأَعْرِضْ عَنْهُمْ حَتَّىٰ يَخُوضُوا فِي حَدِيثٍ غَيْرِ

“When you see those who engage in offensive discourse concerning Our verses, then turn away from them until they engage in another conversion.” (Surah Al-An’am 6:68)

The Islamic moral system stems from its primary creed of belief in One God as the Creator and Sustainer of the Universe. Islam considers the human race to be a part of God’s creation, and as His subjects. Muslims must be in control of their passions and desires. Morality in Islam addresses every aspect of a Muslim’s life, from greetings to international relations.

The Quranic moral values put great emphasis on the height of the characters:

  • “And God loves those who are firm and steadfast.” (Quran 3:146)
  • “And verily, you O Mohammad are on an exalted character.” (Quran 68:4)
  • “And on God should you rely on and trust if you are believers.” (Quran 5:23)
  • “O you who believe! Repent towards God sincere repentance.” (Quran 66:8)
  • “O You who believe! Keep your duty to Allâh and be with the truthful.” (Quran 9:119)
  • “O you who believe! fear the wrath of God, and say only that which is true.” (Quran 33:70)
  • “Remember your Lord much and glorify Him in the evening and the morning.” (Quran 3:41)
  • “It is most hateful in the sight of Allah that you say things which you do not do.” Quran 61:3)
  • “Indeed, the most honourable among you in the sight of God is the most pious.” (Quran 49:13)

Through belief in God and the Day of Judgment, it furnishes a force which enables a person to adopt the moral conduct with earnestness and sincerity, with all the devotion of heart and soul. It makes morality reign supreme and ensures that the affairs of life, instead of dominated by selfish desires and petty interests, should be regulated by norms of morality. Allah says:

إِنَّ مِنْ أَكْمَلِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ إِيمَانًا أَحْسَنُهُمْ خُلُقًا وَأَلْطَفُهُمْ بِأَهْلِهِ

“Verily, the believers with the most complete faith are those with the most excellent character and who are most kind to their families.” (Al-Tirmidhī 2612)

Islam as a comprehensive way of life encompasses a complete moral system that is an important aspect of its world-view. Islam however, holds that moral positions are not relative, and instead, defines a universal standard by which actions may be deemed moral or immoral. Morality becomes highly important in Islam because having a good manner and characters is a part of the faith itself. Allah says:

وَإِذَا سَأَلَكَ عِبَادِي عَنِّي فَإِنِّي قَرِيبٌ أُجِيبُ دَعْوَةَ الدَّاعِي إِذَا دَعَانِ

“And when My servants ask you concerning Me, then surely I am very near; I answer the prayer of the suppliant when he calls on Me…” (Surah Baqarah 2:186)

Morality provides a sanction to morality in the love and fear of God, which will impel man to obey the moral law even without any external pressure. The correct way of life for man is to live in complete obedience to Him. It is not for man to determine the mode of worship and obedience; it is for God to decide this. May Allah give us the strength to live our lives according to the teachings of Almighty Allah.