We believe to respect one another

Behavior of the Muslims Towards Non-Muslims

The one whom Allah has guided to Islam must hasten to convey this light to his family and relatives because they are the first people whom he should call and to whom he should bring the light of Islam. Muslims are the luckiest nation of all times as they have been consecrated with the unmatched leadership and direction of the Last Prophet, Hazrat Muhammad ﷺ and are given the Holy Book of Quran. Every Prophet had the responsibility to make their people aware of God`s Instructions and bring them toward morality. Allah says:

وَقَالَ مُوسَىٰ يَا قَوْمِ إِن كُنتُمْ آمَنتُم بِاللَّهِ فَعَلَيْهِ تَوَكَّلُوا إِن كُنتُم مُّسْلِمِينَ

And Moses said, “O my people, if you have believed in Allah, then rely upon Him, if you should be Muslims.” (Surah Yunus 10:84)

In this day and age when Islam is under constant threat of Western propaganda, it is our responsibility to manage this situation by playing our due role. We must clarify matters and make the disbelievers know about the actual gist of Islamic teachings. One should take it as a waste of effort, rather it should be considered as an attempt that will yield good results. Allah says:

وَمَنْ أَحْسَنُ قَوْلًا مِّمَّن دَعَا إِلَى اللَّهِ وَعَمِلَ صَالِحًا وَقَالَ إِنَّنِي مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ

And who is better in speech than one who invites to Allah and does righteousness and says, “Indeed, I am of the Muslims.” (Surah Fussilat 41:33)

Islam commands us not to love and befriend non-Muslims. There is no contradiction in the teachings of Islam. Muslims should first try to peacefully convince them towards the Message of Truth. Such is the great importance of treating disbelievers with good behaviour while calling them towards Islam. Allah says:

وَإِن جَاهَدَاكَ عَلَىٰ أَن تُشْرِكَ بِي مَا لَيْسَ لَكَ بِهِ عِلْمٌ فَلَا تُطِعْهُمَا وَصَاحِبْهُمَا فِي الدُّنْيَا مَعْرُوفًا وَاتَّبِعْ سَبِيلَ مَنْ أَنَابَ إِلَيَّ ثُمَّ إِلَيَّ مَرْجِعُكُمْ فَأُنَبِّئُكُم بِمَا كُنتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ

“But if they strive against you on that you associate partners with Me what not you have of it any knowledge, then (do) not obey both of them. But accompany them in the world (with) kindness, and follow (the) path (of him) who turns to Me. Then towards Me (is) your return, I will inform you of what you used (to) do.” (Surah Luqmaan 31:15)

Islam is a religion of mercy, tolerance, and moderation. It teaches its followers to be moderate in all fields and walks of life: in aspects of worship, in dealing with others, and in interaction with members of other faiths. Being extreme in one way or another would entail going against the pristine teachings of Allah Most High and His beloved Messenger (Allah bless him & give him peace).

These are some fundamental values to respond to a disbeliever:

  1. We believe that Islam is above all a religion of peace and mercy
  2. We believe the religion, language, and get to know one another
  3. We believe that God created us with all the diversity of race
  4. We affirm the right to freedom of thought, and religion
  5. Muslims should treat with great respect and manners
  6. Muslims should kindness and obedience to parents
  7. Muslims should remove the obstacle from the way
  8. Muslim should communities remain quality of life
  9. Muslims should pray five times a day, on time
  10. Muslims should establish a good relation
  11. Muslims should be humble vs arrogant
  12. Muslims should avoid every bad habit
  13. Muslims should prevent backbiting
  14. Muslims should beware of bad behaviour
  15. Muslims should avoid every bad conversation
  16. Muslims should always respect elderly people
  17. Muslims focused on the humanity of the people 
  18. Muslims behaviour be a kind and forgiving attitude
  19. Muslims should learn and teach Islamic knowledge
  20. Muslims should show kindness to their neighbours
  21. Muslims affirm the right to profession and residence
  22. Muslims behaviour is always constructive with people
  23. Muslims affirm and uphold the sanctity of all human life
  24. Muslims work for the good of our homeland and society
  25. Muslims are obligated to model those traits in their lives 

Everyone is equal in the sight of our law, and we will punish anyone who wrongs or commits aggression against the Jews with divine aid.  This order which we have stated here is the same law that has always been known, established, and stated.  We have issued this edict simply to affirm and warn anyone who may wish to wrong them, so the Jews may have a greater sense of security and those intending harm may be deterred by a greater sense of fear. Allah says:

وَلَوْ تَرَىٰ إِذْ يَتَوَفَّى الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا الْمَلَائِكَةُ يَضْرِبُونَ وُجُوهَهُمْ وَأَدْبَارَهُمْ وَذُوقُوا عَذَابَ الْحَرِيقِ

“And if you could see when the angels take away the souls of those who disbelief (at death), they smite their faces and their backs, (saying): ‘Taste the punishment of the blazing Fire.” (Surah Al-Anfal 8:50)

The Islamic view of humanity is filled with mercy and compassion, and it cannot be otherwise, because the Islamic religion is the last of the religions that were prescribed by Allah, may He be exalted, and He commanded all of mankind to enter this religion.

The Quran instructs Muslims to treat non-Muslims courteously in a spirit of kindness:

  • “… But if you disbelieve, then unto Allaah belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth, and Allaah is Ever Rich (Free of all wants), Worthy of all praise.” (Al-Nisa’ 4:131)
  • “Surely, those who reject Faith, neither their properties nor their offspring will avail them aught against Allaah. They are the dwellers of the Fire, therein they will abide.” (Al ‘Imran 3:116)
  • “Verily, those who disbelieve, and die while they are disbelievers, it is they on whom is the Curse of Allaah and the angels and mankind, combined.” (Al-Baqarah 2:161)
  • “This is my way; I invite to Allah with insight, I and those who follow me. And exalted is Allah, and I am not of those who associate others with Him.” (Quran, 12: 108)
  • “Verily, those who disbelieved, and died while they were disbelievers, the (whole) earth full of gold will not be accepted from any one of them even if they offered it as a ransom. For them is a painful torment and they will have no helpers.” (Aal ‘Imraan 3:91)
  • “… so woe to the disbelievers from the meeting of a Great Day (i.e., the Day of Resurrection, when they will be thrown in the blazing Fire).” (Maryam 19:37)
  • “… Then as for those who disbelieve, garments of fire will be cut out for them, boiling water will be poured down over their heads.” (Al-Hajj 22:19)
  • “And who is better in speech than one who invites to Allah and does righteousness and says, “Indeed, I am of the Muslims.” (Quran, 41: 33)
  • “Verily, the worst of moving (living) creatures before Allaah are those who disbelieve, – so they shall not believe.” (Al-Anfaal 8:55)
  • “And We have sent you (O Muhammad) not but as a mercy for the ‘Alameen mankind, jinns and all that exists.” (Al-Anbiya’ 21:107)
  • “How can you disbelieve in Allaah? Seeing that you were dead and He gave you life. Then He will give you death, then again will bring you to life (on the Day of Resurrection) and then unto Him you will return.” (Al-Baqarah 2:28)
  • “Verily those who disbelieve and do wrong, Allaah will not forgive them, nor will He guide them to anyway.” (Al-Nisa’ 4:168)
  • “We believe in some but not in others,’ and wish to adopt a way in between, They are in truth disbelievers. And We have prepared for the disbelievers a humiliating torment.” (Al-Nisa’ 4:136, 150-151)

Islam allows Muslims to have a good relationship with non-Muslims but to a certain limit. This becomes clearer by looking at the various texts of the Qur’an and the practices of the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace) and his companions. Allah says:

لَّا يَنْهَاكُمُ اللَّهُ عَنِ الَّذِينَ لَمْ يُقَاتِلُوكُمْ فِي الدِّينِ وَلَمْ يُخْرِجُوكُم مِّن دِيَارِكُمْ أَن تَبَرُّوهُمْ وَتُقْسِطُوا إِلَيْهِمْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُقْسِطِينَ

“Allah does not forbid you from those who do not fight you because of religion and do not expel you from your homes – from being righteous toward them and acting justly toward them. Indeed, Allah loves those who act justly.” (Surah Al-Mumtahanah, 60: 8)

Allah SWT and His Messenger ﷺ have directed all the disciples of Islam to have a pleasant interaction with nonbelievers, invite them towards righteousness through good actions and fulfil their due rights. We are Muslims who submit to the command of Allah, may He be glorified and exalted, and we respect those whom Islam instructs us to respect of those who have treaties and guarantees of security. May Allah Most High give us the ability to live a life that is by His and His beloved Messenger’s (Allah bless him & give him peace) pleasure, Ameen.