A common feature of all major religions is the belief in a Universal God or supreme Divine Authority that is Omnipotent and Omniscient. Followers of all major religions believe that the God they worship is the same God for them as well as for others. Most of the religions and denominations point to one God. But many religions and denominations have evolved over the centuries and many are still forming to connect or have a relationship with one God. Allah says:
قُلْ يَا أَهْلَ الْكِتَابِ تَعَالَوْا إِلَىٰ كَلِمَةٍ سَوَاءٍ بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَكُمْ أَلَّا نَعْبُدَ إِلَّا اللَّهَ وَلَا نُشْرِكَ بِهِ شَيْئًا وَلَا يَتَّخِذَ بَعْضُنَا بَعْضًا أَرْبَابًا مِّن دُونِ اللَّهِ فَإِن تَوَلَّوْا فَقُولُوا اشْهَدُوا بِأَنَّا مُسْلِمُونَ
Say, “O People (of) the Book! Come to a word equitable between us and between you – that not we worship except Allah, and not we associate partners with Him – anything and not take some of us (to) others (as) lords besides Allah.” Then if they turn away, say, “Bear witness that we (are) those-who-submit/Muslims.” (Surah Al Imran 3:64)
God created every human soul with some knowledge of His existence. The psychological constitution of man is such that he accepts the existence of the Creator unless he has been conditioned to believe the contrary. In other words, belief in God requires condition, while a rejection of God does. Thus religion is an integral part of human existence. Allah says:
أَوَلَيْسَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ بِقَادِرٍ عَلَىٰ أَن يَخْلُقَ مِثْلَهُم بَلَىٰ وَهُوَ الْخَلَّاقُ الْعَلِيمُ
“Is it not (He) Who created the heavens and the earth Able to [that] create (the) like of them. Yes, indeed! and He (is) the Supreme Creator, the All-Knower.” (SurahYa-Sin 36:81)
Muslims believe that Allah is the all-powerful Creator of a perfect, ordered universe. He is transcendent and not a part of his creation, and is most often referred to in terms and with names that emphasize his majesty and superiority.
Allah’s creation has been designed and created everything in the universe:
- Allah is the Creator, not created, nor a part of His creation
- Allah is with those who fear Him and the good-doers
- Allah does not forgive setting up partners with Him
- Allah sent Muhammad (PBUH) as the last Prophet
- Allah sent His Messengers to guide all of mankind
- Allah promises who obey Him to enter Paradise
- Allah warned who disobey Him against the Hell
- Allah is very Gracious and Kind to His slaves
- Allah is the Oft-Forgiving, the Most Merciful
- Allah is the one, Who has no partner
- Allah is All-Powerful, absolutely Just
- Allah is First, Last, and Everlasting
- Allah knows what is in our hearts
- Allah is the Maintainer of life
- Allah’s Book is the Holy Quran
- Allah is also severe in punishment
- Allah is First, Last, and Everlasting
- Allah is everything in His own accord
- Allah’s knowledge compasses all things
- Allah is very Gracious and Kind to His slaves
- Allah is All-Merciful, the Supreme, the Sovereign
- Allah knows what we conceal and what we reveal
- Allah not only warned us against Satan but also his footsteps
- Allah sent Muhammad (PBUH) as a messenger for all mankind
- Allah is near and he responds to the invocations of the supplicants
Allah is a powerful and strict judge, who will be merciful toward followers depending on the sufficiency of their life’s good works and religious devotion. A follower’s relationship with Allah is as a servant to Allah.
1.The concept of God in Hindu Religion
The big difference between Hindu & a Muslim is that they are convincing of Pantheism (the belief that God is present in all thing) that’s why all Hindus worship trees, sun, moon, animals, and means that in their eyes each and everything is God. Islam is the opposite of this. Allah says:
اللَّهُ خَالِقُ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ وَهُوَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ وَكِيلٌ
“Allah (is the) Creator (of) all things, and He (is) over all things a Guardian.” (Surah Az-Zumar 39:62)
Islam said whatever is in this world these all are a thing made by Allah that’s why all Muslims believes Allah is the owner of all the things. There is a big difference of belief in Muslim & Hindu is this that in the eye of Hindu everything is god but in the eye of Muslim, everything is the creature of Allah.
2. The concept of God in Sikh Religion
Sikh religion is not present in the major religion of the world but it is a branch of Hinduism which made by “Guru Nanik” at the end of 15 century. There is the concept of 10 Guru Nanik is 1st and the name of the last 10th is ‘Guru Gobind’ sing the name of Holly Book of Sikh religion is Siri Guru Granth” which is also famous with the name of “ADII Granth Sahib”. Guru Nanik became more impressed by Islam & also Muslim. Allah says:
ا تُدْرِكُهُ الْأَبْصَارُ وَهُوَ يُدْرِكُ الْأَبْصَارَ وَهُوَ اللَّطِيفُ الْخَبِيرُ
“(Can) not grasp Him the visions but He (can) grasp (all) the vision, and He (is) the All-Subtle, the All-Aware.” (Surah Al-An`am 6:103)
Guru Nanik was much impressed from Sunnah of Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) he has also written some ayah in his book which taken from the Quran.
3. The concept of God in Persian Religion
In Persian religion, the name of Allah has come like this (ﺍﮬﻮﺮ, ﻤﺰﺪﺍ) the meaning of ﺍﮬﻮﺮ is “Owner” & the meaning of ﻤﺰﺪﺍ is “Wise” means the meaning of these words will be “Wise Owner” if read their Holy Book.
4. The concept of God in Christianity
Christianity is the Saami religion, and the followers of this religion in this world are about two Arb. Christian believe in Hazrat Essa (A.S) Islam is only one religion which beliefs on Hazrat Essa (A.S). If a Muslim didn’t believe on Hazrat Essa (A.S) he is not a Muslim because Hazrat Essa (A.S) was the messenger of Allah Muslims also believe that Allah ravelled Injeel on Hazrat Essa (A.S). Allah says:
وَيُكَلِّمُ النَّاسَ فِي الْمَهْدِ وَكَهْلًا وَمِنَ الصَّالِحِينَ
“And he will speak (to) the people in the cradle and (in) maturity; and (he will be) of the righteous.” (Surah Al-Imran 3:46)
The main reason in our view that Christian is saying that Hazrat Essa (A.S) was GOD but Muslims are saying that it is wrong. Yes, it is wrong that some Christians are saying this. If we study the Bible there is written that Hazrat Essa (A.S) is not saying that I am not God. There is no single sentence from which can prove that Hazrat Essa (A.S) is saying that I am God. Now we want to give some references to the Bible from which can prove that Hazrat Essa (A.S) is not a son of God or God himself.
5. The concept of God in Islam
Muslims believe there is the one almighty God, named Allah, who is infinitely superior to and transcendent from humankind. Allah is viewed as the creator of the universe and the source of all good and all evil. Everything that happens is Allah’s will.
Allah Almighty says in the Holy Quran about God in all religion:
إِنَّا كُلَّ شَيْءٍ خَلَقْنَاهُ بِقَدَرٍ
“Indeed, [We] everything We created it by a measure.” (Qamar 54:49)
وَاذْكُرُوا اللَّهَ كَثِيرًا لَّعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ
“Remember Allah often that you may succeed.” (Jumuah 62:10)
فَاذْكُرُونِي أَذْكُرْكُمْ وَاشْكُرُوا لِي وَلَا تَكْفُرُونِ
Remember Me and I will remember you, be grateful to Me and do not be ungrateful.” (Baqarah 2:152)
How distinct are these major religions?
In looking at these major belief systems and their views of God, we find tremendous diversity:
- Hindus acknowledge multitudes of gods and goddesses.
- Buddhists say there is no deity.
- New Age Spirituality followers believe they are God.
- Muslims believe in a powerful but unknowable God.
- Christians believe a loving God who created us to know him.
The reality is that every religion makes absolute truth claims about God. For example, Catholics and other Christians declare that God is a Trinitarian communion of Father, Son, and the Holy Spirit. Islam holds that God is simply one. Hinduism acknowledges the existence of hundreds of deities, while Buddhism seems to be without a belief in God, at least a personal God. Allah says:
إِنَّ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ سَيَجْعَلُ لَهُمُ الرَّحْمَٰنُ وُدًّا
“Indeed, those who believed and did good deeds will bestow for them the Most Gracious affection.” (Surah Maryam 19:96)
In terms of logic, we can affirm the validity of this diversity of absolute truth claims about God from a subjective point of view. There is no reason to doubt the earnestness of the beliefs held by the faithful of each religion. However, the law of non-contradiction seems to rule out the possibility that each religion’s understanding of God is equally valid and true from an objective point of view. Allah says:
قُل لَّن يُصِيبَنَا إِلَّا مَا كَتَبَ اللَّهُ لَنَا هُوَ مَوْلَانَا وَعَلَى اللَّهِ فَلْيَتَوَكَّلِ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ
Say, “Never will we be struck except by what Allah has decreed for us; He is our protector.” And upon Allah let the believers rely on.” (Surah At-Taubah 9:51)
This would seem to suggest that all religions do not ultimately lead to the same God since all religions do not believe in the same God. The exception to this might be if all religions are equally wrong about who God is. This, of course, would mean that all religions are equally invalid and untrue, which ultimately undermines all religions since they rest precisely on their absolute truth claims. Allah says:
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اذْكُرُوا اللَّهَ ذِكْرًا كَثِيرًا وَسَبِّحُوهُ بُكْرَةً وَأَصِيلًا
“O you who believe, remember Allah with much remembrance and exalt Him in the morning and evening.” (Surah Ahzab 33:41)
Though Muslim honours several prophets, Muhammad is considered the last prophet and his words and lifestyle are that person’s authority. At death — based on one’s faithfulness to these duties — Muslim hope to enter Paradise. If not, they will be eternally punished in hell.
To be a Muslim, one must follow five religious duties:
- Repeat a creed about Allah and Muhammad
- Recite certain prayers in Arabic five times a day
- Give to the needy
- One month each year, fast from food, drink, sex and smoking from sunrise to sunset
- Pilgrimage once in one’s lifetime to worship at a shrine in Mecca
All major religions indeed share some things in common: a wisdom tradition, some version of the Golden Rule, and articles of faith. The argument that all religions are different paths to the same God appeals to our desire for unity and togetherness. Allah says:
إِنَّ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ إِنَّا لَا نُضِيعُ أَجْرَ مَنْ أَحْسَنَ عَمَلًا
“Indeed, those who believed and did the good deeds, indeed, We will not let go waste (the) reward (of one) who does good deeds.“ (Surah Al-Kahf 18:30)
One must ignore the real differences between religions on essential questions. This is a form of minimization that refuses to take religious beliefs seriously in the name of false unity. One must delegitimize religion altogether, albeit in the name of respecting all religions, by declaring all absolute truth claims of religion to be simply relative. Allah says:
وَاللَّهُ يُرِيدُ أَن يَتُوبَ عَلَيْكُمْ وَيُرِيدُ الَّذِينَ يَتَّبِعُونَ الشَّهَوَاتِ أَن تَمِيلُوا مَيْلًا عَظِيمًا
“And Allah wishes to accept repentance from you, but with those who follow the passions that you deviate – (into) a deviation great.” (Surah An-Nisa` 4:27)
For many people, Islam matches their expectations about religion and deity. Islam teaches that there is one supreme deity, who is worshipped through good deeds and disciplined religious rituals. After death, a person is rewarded or punished according to their religious devotion. Muslims believe that giving up one’s life for Allah is a sure way of entering Paradise.