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The Concept of Truth in Islam

Truth is the oldest of all the virtues; it antedated man, it lived before there was a man to perceive it or to accept it. Truthfulness is the greatest and most important of all human virtues. Truthfulness is one of the most basic things for the establishment of mutual social relations. Truthfulness is the backbone of any peaceful and sincere society. Everyone will trust him and will also inspire from his good attitude. It may possible that many people try to follow him and especially the close companions of the person will also try to become like him. Allah says:

وَمَنْ يُطِعْ اللَّهَ وَالرَّسُولَ فَأُوْلَئِكَ مَعَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِمْ مِنْ النَّبِيِّينَ وَالصِّدِّيقِينَ وَالشُّهَدَاءِ وَالصَّالِحِينَ وَحَسُنَ أُوْلَئِكَ رَفِيقًا

“And whosoever obeys God and His Messenger, such will be in the company of those whom God has blessed: the Prophets, the truthful ones, the martyrs, and the righteous. And how excellent a company is such people!” (Quran 4:69)

Telling yourself the truth can be the best habit you can develop, and asking questions and talking things through with yourself can be the easiest and quickest way to establish this habit. As for the Next Life, through God’s Grace and Mercy, the obedient ones – practitioners of truthfulness – will reach a station in Paradise alongside those most fortunate of souls mentioned in the revelation. Almighty Allah ordered the believers to tell the truth and urged them to be among the truthful. He revealed too many verses about truthfulness in His Book. Allah says:

وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا بِاللَّهِ وَرُسُلِهِ أُوْلَئِكَ هُمْ الصِّدِّيقُونَ وَالشُّهَدَاءُ عِنْدَ رَبِّهِمْ لَهُمْ أَجْرُهُمْ وَنُورُهُمْ

“And (as for) those who believe in Allah and His apostles, these it is that are the truthful and the faithful ones in the sight of their Lord: they shall have their reward and their light… “ (Surah Hadid 57:19)

Truthfulness is the backbone of any peaceful and sincere society. If all Muslims try to adopt this great and basic character, there is no doubt and no hurdle in the way of their success. In short, truthfulness itself is a big solution to many problems like cheating, frauds, misrepresentation, theft and many other bad habits and sins.

Truthfulness has too many benefits. Some of them are listed below:

  1. Truthfulness  is one of the major necessities of our society
  2. Truthfulness  helps individuals attain rewards from Allah 
  3. Truthfulness  is one of the excellence of human attitude
  4. Those who believe know that it is a truth
  5. The danger-zone is what children listen
  6. The danger is what we tell our children 
  7. Train yourself with a no-excuse policy
  8. Truthfulness brings glorious benefits
  9. The truth is your way out
  10. Be real with technology
  11. Practice what you preach
  12. Beware of lying to children
  13. Lying is literally bad for all
  14. Lying is literally bad for you
  15. Realize that lying is bad for you
  16. We urge to always speak the truth
  17. Never cover the truth with falsehood
  18. Lying is  corruption in the community
  19. Speaking the truth is a habit you need
  20. We emphasized on this great type of manner
  21. We’re also to avoid supporting liars in their sin
  22. Allah disdains not to use the similitude of things
  23. Lying is one of the basic elements of destruction
  24. Allah make a way out of our concerns and a refuge
  25. Lying is destruction and corruption in the community

أُوْلَئِكَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِمْ

”These are they on whom Allah bestowed favors…” (Surah Maryam 19:58)

A truthful man will never tell a lie. He always says what he means. I have experienced that in speech, the man who makes Truth his watchword is careful in his words, he seeks to be accurate, neither understating nor over-coloring.  In fact, truthfulness is an essential attribute of every single prophet who graced the earth. truthfulness is something which is to be cultivated till it becomes implanted in a person’s soul and disposition and therefore reflected throughout the person’s character. Allah says:

وَبَشِّرْ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَنَّ لَهُمْ قَدَمَ صِدْقٍ عِنْدَ رَبِّهِمْ

“…and give good news to those who believe that theirs is a high rank with their Lord.” (Surah Yunus 10:2)

Truthfulness is something which is to be cultivated till it becomes implanted in a person’s soul and disposition and therefore reflected throughout the person’s character. The positive reciprocal effect of behaving truthfully with people in this worldly life. Telling the truth is key for all doors and kinds of goodness that lead to Paradise.

Allah Almighty says in The Holy Quran:

  • “And mention in the Book, Ishmael: surely, he was a man true to his word, and he was a Messenger, a Prophet.” (Quran 19:54)
  • “Speak truthfully so that Allah may reform your deeds.” (Surah al-Ahzab, 33:70)
  • “And mention in the Book, Enoch: surely he was a most truthful Prophet.” (Quran 19:56)
  • “And mention in the Book, Abraham: surely he was a most truthful Prophet.” (Quran 19:41)
  • “Those who are faithfully true to their amaanaat (all the duties which Allaah has ordained, honesty, moral responsibility, and trusts, etc.) and to their covenants.” (al-Muminoon 23:8)
  • “The Allah may reward the truthful for their truthfulness, and punish the Hypocrites if he wills, or turn mercifully towards them.” ( Qur’an 33:24)
  • “And do not argue on behalf of those who deceive themselves. Indeed, Allah loves not one who is a habitually sinful deceiver.” (Quran, 4:107)
  • “They [think to] deceive Allah and those who believe, but they deceive not except themselves and perceive [it] not.” (Quran, 2:9)
  • “And mention in the Book, Ishmael: surely, he was a man true to his word, and he was a Messenger, a Prophet.” (Quran 19:54)

Truth has great power and it is the rock foundation of every great character.  No one likes to tell lie but we feel being dishonest with others and ourselves is sometimes easier than telling the truth. In life, learning to be honest and eliminating the need for lies can help to clean up your conscience and your relationships. A truthful man has the strength of mind. He is not afraid of anybody. He is never ready to suffer by speaking the truth. Allah says:

فَمَنْ أَظْلَمُ مِمَّنْ كَذَبَ عَلَى اللَّهِ وَكَذَّبَ بِالصِّدْقِ إِذْ جَاءَهُ أَلَيْسَ فِي جَهَنَّمَ مَثْوًى لِلْكَافِرِينَ. وَالَّذِي جَاءَ بِالصِّدْقِ وَصَدَّقَ بِهِ أُوْلَئِكَ هُمْ الْمُتَّقُونَ

”Who is then more unjust than he who utters a lie against Allah and (he who) gives the lie to the truth when it comes to him; is there not in hell an abode for the unbelievers? And he who brings the truth and (he who) accepts it as the truth… these are they that guard (against evil).’‘ (Surah Zumar 39: 32-33)

Truthfulness is a mean by the help of which the servants of Allah attain the Good Pleasure and the True Love of Allah. Those who tell the truth always gain success and salvation on the Day of Judgment. Almighty Allah ordered the believers to tell the truth and urged them to be among the truthful. Through it is the hypocrite distinguished from the believer and the inhabitant of Paradise from the denizen of Hell. Allah says:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَكُونُوا مَعَ الصَّادِقِينَ

”O you who believe! be careful of (your duty to) Allah and be with the true ones.” (Surah Tawbah 9:119)

Hence, to tread the path of truthfulness is to tread the path of the most righteous of God’s creation. Telling the truth is key for all doors and kinds of goodness that lead to Paradise. Faith (Iman) and lying are two different characters, one is good and the other is bad. They can never exist together in the heart of a true believer. As such, truthfulness is the very cornerstone of the upright Muslim’s character and the springboard for his virtuousness deeds. Allah says:

مِنْ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ رِجَالٌ صَدَقُوا مَا عَاهَدُوا اللَّهَ عَلَيْهِ فَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ قَضَى نَحْبَهُ وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ يَنْتَظِرُ وَمَا بَدَّلُوا تَبْدِيلًا

”Of the believers are men who are true to the covenant which they made with Allah: so of them is he who accomplished his vow, and of them is he who yet waits, and they have not changed in the least.” (Surah Ahzab 33:23)

Thus a person should be the same on the inside and the outside. A man continues to be truthful and strives for truthfulness until he is written as a truthful person with God. As Muslims and true believers, we should tell the truth, adhere to it and follow a good example of the Prophet (PBUH). We ask Allah to make us truthful secretly and openly and forgive our sins. We ask Allaah to make us sincere and truthful in word and deed. And Allaah knows best. Ameen